by Bill Holloway

For the last year or two Christina Stead, one of our finest novelists, has been in our too-hard basket. But now Whispering Gums and I are going to make a start on her work by reviewing some of the stories from the collection Ocean of Story.

Christina Stead (1902-1983) was Sydney born and bred, yet another famous alumna of Sydney Girls High, who starved herself saving for her fare overseas – fictionalized in For Love Alone – and who once overseas was prevented from coming back until she was quite old, by poverty and by our governments’ antipathy to her Communism.

Her father, David Stead (1877-1957), a zoologist, was head of Fisheries, in the NSW Public Service. Although her US publishers made Stead situate The Man Who Loved Children in America, it was largely based on her father and their homelife in Watsons Bay.

Stead home, Watsons Bay (2015)

Ocean of Story is broken into sections by period and subject and the final section is ‘7. Biographical and Autobiographical’. The first story in this last section is ‘A Waker and Dreamer’, a short biography of her father, initially published in Overland in 1972.

Stead was living in England again in 1972 after having spent 1969 on a fellowship at ANU, but by now 1974 she was finally back in Australia for good.

A Waker and Dreamer begins with David’s father, Samuel, born in 1846 in Maidstone, Kent, spending his holidays at Marsgate and Ramsgate, until at age 18 he “stepped aboard a sailing ship for Sydney, leaving behind his parents and numerous brothers and sisters”, bringing with him his carpentry tools and a love of Dickens. He prospered, building houses for his family, also numerous. David was the youngest boy. At age 12 he was apprenticed to a rubber-stamp maker, and then studied zoology at Sydney Technical College.

David’s mother, Christina, was Scottish, a non-conformist, opposed to dancing, drinking and playing cards. Stead sees her father’s parents as two sides of worker rebellion in the UK in the middle of the 19th century – non-conformist churches gathered in country folk dissatisfied with landlords and their hired men; while lodges, of one of which Samuel was a leading member, attracted the more liberal and go-ahead type of workmen in the towns.

On her deathbed, when David was fifteen, his mother, as he told it later, made him promise to keep her rules of life; and he was proud of doing so. He never went to the theatre or to concerts; he abhored dancing, because of the contact of bodies; he did not allow kissing or embracing in the home, nor endearments, nor cajoling, which he thought led to degrading habits of mind.

The home was however, because of his own gaiety and talent for entertainment, and endless invention, gay and lively.

Even with this prosaic subject, Stead’s words sweep you along. “David’s appearance of whiteness, fairness, dazzled himself.” He was so sure of his own rightness that anyone who opposed him must therefore be evil.

David was introduced to a friend of his youngest sister, Florence, married her, they had Christina, the wife died, and Florence came to be his housekeeper – with, just mentioned in passing, a daughter of her own. Christina’s first lessons were to name all the fishes mounted on the walls of the living before she was allowed breakfast.

David soon married again, Ada. They had six children and lived at “Lydham Hill” in a large sandstone house belonging to Ada’s father, surrounded by paddocks, with views out over Botany Bay to the Pacific.

In 1915 David was made general manager of the state trawling fleet, and the family moved to the house pictured above, in Watson’s Bay. “The trawlers sailed out across the world and for five years we had nothing but trawling and fishing talk.” But he had made too many enemies, in the department and in the industry. The fleet was sold – privatised as we would now have it – and David was forced out, without a pension.

David was a state socialist, but he knew little about socialism … He accepted the Labor Party’s platform in those early days, even Article One, the White Australia policy. But this was not his view. He fought for the rights of Aboriginals …

David Stead’s later published views indicate Christina may have had a rosier view of her father than he deserved (see below).

David had written one book Fishes of Australia (1908) and after his death, his third wife, Thistle, produced another from his papers, Sharks and Rays of Australian Seas (1963).

“But I know, I can remember, how my life was filled with story from the first days, and this book of Rays and Sharks is to me the life poem of an unusually gifted man and of our long morning.”


Christina Stead
Ocean of Story
Penguin, Melbourne, 1985

Photo from Sydney Morning Herald, ‘Home of writer Christina stead is honoured‘, 10 Sept 2015 (photographer not named)

see also:
Obituary in the Tribune, Sydney, 14 Aug., 1957
May Catholics be Soldiers, Catholic Freeman’s Journal, Sydney, 14 Dec 1939 (extract below)

Bill Holloway, the author of this review, blogs at The Australian Legend. He is an old white guy the subject of whose (very) mature age M.Litt thesis was ‘The Independent Woman in Australian Literature’.

The White Australia Policy.
What would be the reaction of Jesus to our White Australia Policy?
On His own principle, ‘Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s,’ He would sanction it. For the temporal welfare of this country is a matter for ‘Caesar,’ or the civil authority. The differences between the white and the colored races are so great that the fusion of the races leads to social dangers and many undesirable consequences.
The White Australia Policy, as a measure designed to prevent this harmful fusion of races, cannot therefore be condemned on ethical grounds.
A more difficult point would be whether the White Australians have the right to retain the whole of Australia, or whether they should hand over a distinct part of it to colored races which may have expanded beyond possibility of support in their own lands. We would be obliged to do so, were there no other means possible for providing space for such surplus populations.
But even then the White Australians would be justified in forbidding any of the colored
races to enter that section of the Continent reserved for ourselves, and making stringent laws to that effect.
Would Christ Be Admitted? Jesus Himself, as a dark-skinned Asiatic or Alien with no possibility of passing a language test and lacking the necessary financial possessions, could not possibly have been admitted to Australia [though he goes on to say but God is not human so the rules don’t apply.]
David G Stead, Watson’s Bay, 1939